A set delivered behind the setter’s back, which is subsequently hit by an attacker.
BACK ROW ATTACK
When a back row player attacks the ball by jumping from behind the 3m line before hitting the ball. If the back row player steps on or past the 3m line during take-off, the attack is illegal.
An open hand receive of the ball, also called a "Deep Dish"
A defensive play by one or more players meant to deflect a spiked ball back to the hitter’s court. It may be a combination of one, two or three players jumping in front of the opposing spiker and contacting the spiked ball with the hands.
A common term for forearm passing.
BALL HANDLING ERROR
Any time the official calls a double hit, a thrown ball or a lift (except on a serve reception or attack). For our purposes, this category also includes any blocking errors (when an official calls a blocker for a violation such as going into the net, centerline violation, reaching over the net, etc.).
The use of joined forearms to pass or set a ball in an underhand manner.
A ball that falls to the floor in an area that's surrounded by two, three, four or more players. At the instant after the ball hits the floor, it appears as if the players are encircling and staring at a campfire.
The boundary that runs directly under the net and divides the court into two equal halves.
CLOSING THE BLOCK
The responsibility of the assisting blocker(s) to join the primary blocker and create an impenetrable block in which a ball cannot fit between the two individual blockers.
CROSS COURT SHOT
An individual attack directed at an angle from one end of the offensive team's side of the net to the opposite sideline of the defensive team's court.
A spike from the hitter's strong side that travels at a sharp angle across the net.
An offensive play meant to disguise the spiker who will receive the set.
To be hit away from the net to confuse or disrupt the timing of the blockers.
Passing a spiked or rapidly hit ball. Slang for the art of passing an attacked ball close to the floor.
legal push of the ball around or over blockers.
Two players working in unison to deflect an attacked ball at the net back to the hitter’s side.
Successive hits or contacts by the same player. (Illegal)
Two hitters approaching the setter for a quick inside hit.
A game with two players on each side, most commonly played on a sand court.
A ball the blockers elect not to attempt to block because it has been set too far from the net or the hitter is not under control. A "Down Ball" is hit overhand and driven over the net with topspin while the player remains standing. "Down Ball," is usually called aloud by the defense when it becomes apparent the attacker has no chance of hitting a powerful spike.
a player approaching the setter for a quick inside hit
A set (usually 2’ above the net) in which the hitter is approaching the setter, and may even be in the air, before the setter delivers the ball. This type of set requires precise timing between the setter and hitter.
The flexed, yet comfortable, posture a player assumes before moving to contact the ball.
A serve that a player should have been able to return, but results in an ace (and only in the case of an ace). If it is a "husband/wife" play (where the ball splits the two receivers), the receiving team is given the reception error instead of an individual.
A severe penalty in which an official displays a red card. The result of a red card may be a player is disqualified, the team loses the serve, or the team loses a point. A red card may be given with or without a prior yellow card as a warning; it is up to the official’s discretion.
A ball that when spiked is blocked by a defensive player such that the ball deflects straight to the floor on the attacker’s side.
The clockwise movement of players around the court and through the serving position following a side out.
One of the six basic skills; used to put the ball into play. It is the only skill controlled exclusively by one player.
The player who puts the ball into play.
An unsuccessful serve in which one or more of the following occurs: 1) the ball hits the net or fails to clear the net, 2) the ball lands out of bounds, or 3) the server commits a foot fault.
A point the serving team scores when this player has served the ball. The point can be an immediate (in the case of an ace) or delayed (a kill or opponent attack error after a long rally). Therefore, the sum of the team's service winners equals their score.
The tactical skill in which a ball is directed to a point where a player can spike it into the opponent's court.
The player who has the 2nd of 3 contacts of the ball who "sets" the ball with an "Overhand Pass" for a teammate to hit. The setter normally runs the offense.
Occurs when the receiving team successfully puts the ball away against the serving team, or when the serving team commits an unforced error, and the receiving team thus gains the right to serve.
Occurs when a blocker gets hit in the head or face by a spiked ball.
A 6-player offense using 2 setters opposite one another in the rotation. Setter 1 becomes a hitter upon rotating into the front row as setter 2 rotates into the back row and becomes the setter.
Also hit or attack. A ball contacted with force by a player on the offensive team who intends to terminate the ball on the opponent's floor or off the opponent's blocker.
When a right-handed hitter is hitting from the left-front position or when a left-handed hitter is hitting from the right-front position.
A ball that is deflected back to the attacking team's floor by the opponent's blockers. A slang term for "block."
A warning from an official indicated by the display of a yellow card. Any player or coach who receives two yellow cards in a match is disqualified. A single yellow card does not result in loss of point or serve.
When a player gets a kill out of an overpass from the opposing team.